Angličtina – Různé, Historie, Zdraví
1688 Glorious revolution
the throne was offered to Mary (daughter of Charles’s II. brother) and her Protestant husband William of Orange
18th century significant as a power of GB
technical (industrial) revolution – the boom of inventions-stopped by problems in Europe
– spinning wheel was replaced by machines, cloth making moved to the factory.
Alfred the Great , Battle of Hastings 1066, William I. Conqueror
Alfred the Great – he didn’t want to risk problems with Danes – he married to a Danish queen (he was tricky)
be, was/were, been, be, become, run …..
Another possibility where you can get in touch with music is music channels on TV.
The most favourite one is MTV. This channel is well known all around the world. You can listen there to all kinds of pop music from dance music to rock.
At the post office
When you enter a post office you can see several counters: for sending money, for sending registered letters and buying stamps, for ordering telephone calls and sending telegrams, for sending parcels.
At the railway station
– in a large town the first thing you will notice in the main hall is several ticket offices. There people buy one-way tickets or return rickets,
· first Africans were brought to America in 1619 as servants and soon some colonies strongly supported the idea of slavery; in the 18th century
The british economy
England is highly industrialized and the earliest developments of modern industry took place there. Many of important inventions, such as invention of the steam engine by James Watt, were made by Englishmen.
The Iberians – were the people inhabiting British Isles in the pre-celtic period (first inhabitans)
4000 BC – Long man, White horse, Stonehenge – Long man helped women to get pregnant (těhotná – rituals (people passes these legends)
British Mass Media
British people are great readers of newspapers. Britain is one of the few countries where daily newspapers are delivered at the door before breakfast.
The Beatles, Elvis Presley …
The most popular group of the 20th century is undoubtedly The Beatles. This music quartet started performing in Liverpool in 1958. They have novel singing style,
Crime and punishment
Crimes are usually classified as misdemeanour (přestupek) against the law (treason –vlastizrada, felony –těžký zločin,vražda).
· the cultural life in Prague is wide and one can chose from several activities he would like to do – from going to opera or National Theatre to seeing a hockey or football match
I have never had many friends. First friends I met, when I began attending kindergarten. Friends changed with changing the school.
Economy and transport
Canadian economy is traditionally based on natural resources and agriculture. Canada is the world’s second largest exporter of wheat that is mainly planted on the prairies in the interior of the country.
Economy of GB
Britain lives by manufacture and trade. Its agriculture provides only half the food it needs. The other half of its food, have to be imported.
Education, schools, learning
a) Why people need education? I think in today’s multicultural civilization the good education is the first step to mutual toleration. One must be good educated to understand another man.
Education – an historical outline
1200s-Foundation of Oxford (1249) and Cambridge (1284) Universities.
1500 – 1700-Expansion of education provision by the Church and wealthy individuals.
The environment means surroundings in which people, animals and plants develop and exist. The branch of biology investigating relation ships between living beings and their environment is called ecology.
Famous discoveries, how does new technology help?
One of the biggest discoveries was the discovery of penicillin by A. Fleming. It helped to cure the illnesses which were incurable before this discovery.
Geography of the U. S. A.
The USA is situated in the southern part of North America. Its neighbours are Canada in the north, Mexico in the south and Russia in Alaska. It covers the area of nearly 10 million square kilometers.
– is essential if we want to live our life to the fullest. We are responsible for our health. In order to be provided proper medical care, all people in the Czech Republic must be insured. Insurance is paid by employers.
Health and disease – Zdraví a nemoc (slovíčka)
patient [‘peiš∂nt] – pacient
physician [fi‘ziš∂n], doctor [‘dokt∂(r)], MD [em‘di] – lékař, doktor
Health and diseases
There are various types of medical treatment for our different types of troubles. A doctor may ask you to strip to the waist before he/she examines your chest and throat.
Henry II. Plantagenet , Richard I. Lionheart
Henry II. Plantagenet (Duke of Anjou) – ascended the throne through marriage
– established law and order again, he instituted royal courts, travelling judges ( today’s circuit judges) and the jury system
Henry VIII. , Edward VI, Mary I., Elizabeth I.
Henry VIII. (1509-1547) – a true prince of the Renaissance
– within Henry’s period an important event took place, known as the Reformation
– when the Pope refused to annul his marriage to his Spanish wife (Catharine of Aragon), he declared himself “Head of the Church of England)
1776 – Declaration of independence – the first state to become really democratic
1861-1865 – the war between North and South, Lincoln – abolishment of slavery
History of the UK
The Celts arrived to England 2 500 years ago. In the 1st century was England added to the Roman Empire. They remained there for almost four centuries. After that the German tribes came – the Angles,
The first inhabitants came to Britain about 5000 BC. They were the small groups of the hunters. Next villagers came to Britain from Europe in the Bronze Age.
The human body, health and diseases
Health is one of the most important things in man’s life. Everyone knows it but if you are healthy, you usually don’t appreciate it. You often realize it when your parents
The hundred years’ war , War of the Roses
The hundred years’ war (1337-1453)
– Edward III. whose mother was a French princess, pretended that he had a right to the French throne.
Weather, seasons of the year
Our country lies in the center of Europe and its climate is moderate. We
have four different seasons – spring, summer, autumn and winter. Each
of them has its special magic.
Learning foreign languages
Studying foreign languages is important for everybody. We have many reasons to study them. We need it for travelling abroad, for reading foreign materials
· congress consists of two houses, the Senate and the House of Representatives; the Senate contains 100 senators, two representing each state,
Man and the environment
Civilization has brought people many advantages but they product also pollute and damage the environment in which we live. Pollution affects air, water, land, forests, people, animals and plants.
Music and arts
We divide arts in three main parts – to literature, which include drama, short stories, poetry, biographies and others styles of literature, the second part are performing arts, which include dance, cinema, theatre, ballet
Music is a group of sounds which are harmonic.
Music is very important for many people. Listening to the music improves our fantasy and our inner (vnitrni) world. I think that there is not anyone in the world who hates music.
National anthem is „GOD SAVE THE QUEEN“
Traditional and typical things and symbols for tourists Cricket is a bat and ball game involving 2 teams of 11 players on a pitch of 20m. It is origin and has been known since 1550. It is played in the colonies.
The origin (původ) of the theatre comes from ancient Greece
reason was the religions ritual. It was played in amphitheatre with
perfect acoustics. Then the theatre was extended to others countries to
Political system of GB
Great Britain is a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary democracy. The head of the state is the King or the Queen, who reigns, but doesn’t rule.
The political system of the USA
The United States of America is a federal republic, which consists of fifty states and the District of Columbia. Each state has its own government, laws, customs,
– influenced the language a lot – brought there their own language – established many camps that are famous cities nowadays (e.g. London) – started building roads – they used stones
Shopping – Nakupování (slovíčka)
shop [šop] (brit.), store [sto:r] (zejm. amer.) – obchod
hypermarket [‘haip∂ma:kit] – hypermarket, rozsáhlá velkoprodejna
Shopping is an activity that is important for our lives. Most people have to spend part of their day doing shopping for food or other essential items.
Shopping (with credit cards)
For most women it´s an everyday duty – have to buy necessary food.
Usually once a week they do bigger purchase for the weekend.
The system of government
The system of Government is based on the principles written in the Constitution (signed in 1787). The political power is divided into 3 branches:
Traffic Accident, Breakdown on the Road (Dopravní nehoda, porucha na silnici)
If speaking about traffic accidents we must say it is much better to avoid them. There are hundreds of dead people on our roads every year and the number of them is permanently increasing.
Weather, seasons of the year
Our country lies in the center of Europe and its climate is moderate. We have four different seasons – spring, summer, autumn and winter. Each of them has its special magic.
What do people do to keep healthy?
There are many things which can people do to keep healthy. First step to keep fit is a proper lifestyle. It means healthy nutrition, lot of vegetable,